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Types, Uses & Regulations In Ireland

  • Fire Alarm Systems

    Fire Alarm Systems

    Fire spreads rapidly. The sooner that you and the occupants of a building become aware that a fire has broken out, the faster you can take action to initiate evacuation and control the fire.


    Fire alarms monitor environmental changes associated with the outbreak of fire.


    Fire alarm systems are designed around the fire protection goals specific to your business, with reference to the relevant building codes, requirements of insurance agencies and any other authorities.


    Once the system has been installed, a control panel-hub will monitor inputs and relay information when necessary.


    In addition, automatic fire alarm systems can alert the occupants of a building to the necessity to evacuate, report the event to an off-site location and communicate with emergency services.


    Evacuation signals can be relayed visually, audibly or both to deliver a message that occupants of a building should evacuate immediately.

  • Fire Extinguisher Types & Their Classes Ireland

    If you run a business or maintain a building it’s your legal responsibility to provide and maintain adequate fire alarms & fire extinguishers.


    More importantly, hand held fire extinguishers can help you to contain small fires and prevent minor incidents from becoming more serious.


    Before you choose a particularly product, it’s important that you understand what type of fire extinguisher you require.


    Fires have been divided into six classes based on the fuel involved. Particular fire extinguishers are suitable for particular classes of fire but not all. Your choice should be based on the likely fuel for any fire in a given area.


    Fire classes


    Class A: Fires based on flammable solids such as wood, furniture, textiles and some plastics

    Class B: Fires involving flammable liquids or liquifiable solids such as petrol and oil

    Class C: Fires involving flammable gases

    Class D: Fires involving combustible metals including sodium, magnesium and potassium

    Class E: Fires involving any materials found in Class A and B fires, but including electrical appliances, wiring or any electical products that match be close to the area of the fire

    Class F: Fires involving cooking fats and oils. These fires reach very high temperatures, in excess of other flammable liquids.


    Extinguisher types


    Water extinguishers

    Water extinguishers work by cooling the material that’s burining. They are effective on class A fires.

    • APW (Air Pressurised Water) extinguishers are effective on Class A fires. They are relatively harmless and cause little mess following use.
    • Water mist extinguishers use a fine mist of water to prevent the conduction of electricity bac to the operator. They are suitable for Class A and Class C fires and are widely used in areas where the fact that the extinguishing agent is harmless is a priority eg., hospitals.


    Foam extinguishers

    Foam fire extinguishers work by forming a frothy blanket or seal over a fuel, preventing oxygen from reaching it and effectively smothering the fire. Unlike powder extinguishers a foam can be used without flashbacks.

    • AFFF Aqueous Film Forming Foam extinguishers are used to supress vapour on Class A and B fires.
    • AR-AFFF (Alcohol Resistant Aqueous Film Forming Foam) are suitable for use on fuel fires containing alcohol.


    Dry Powder

    Dry powder extinguishers work by preventing chemical reactions involving heat, fuel and oxygen. They halt the production of the free radicals that fuel a fire and thus cause the fire to go out.


    Carbon Dioxide

    Carbon Dioxide extinguishers remove heat from the combustible area or inhibit chain reactions within the fire. They are sometimes called "Clean Agency" extinguishers as they don’t leave a residue when used.

    The Co2 extinguisher is suitable for use on class B and electrical fires.


    Wet Chemical

    Wet Chemical extinguishers help to control a fire by forming a soapy foam over a burning oil and cooling that oil to a temperature below its ignition temperature. They are generally used on Class F fires only however, some models, which utilise a misting nozzle are suitable for use on Class A fires also

  • Fire Extinguisher Servicing & Maintenance


    Fire Extinguisher Servicing & Maintenance


    Fire extinguishers need to be serviced regular to ensure they are working in the event of a fire and use. Fire extinguishers should be serviced at minimum once a year and best practice dictates servicing them every six months (professional qualified fire safety inspection and servicing company).


    Fire extinguishers are pressurised containers and can from time to time malfunction if they are allowed corrode or get damaged. They have been known to cause serious injury when they malfunction and even death. This is not always limited to the use of the person using it but other people can be hurt also in the use of faulty fire extinguishers (as in the case in Ireland in 2007).


    There are a couple of different types of checks which should be undertaken.

    • Check by the premises owner or appointment fire officer or most likely person to use the fire extinguisher
    • By a professional and qualified fire safety company or professional individual


    The fire service act of 1981 Licencing of indoor events act and the 2003 Fire Services Act is responsible and governs the provision of fire safety and fire safety equipment in all businesses which are either frequented or accessed by the public and or employees. This means everything from bars, restaurants, hotels, offices, libraries, schools, colleges, factories, golf clubs, public buildings, petrol stations, etc. In essence this act covers everything outside of your home but including rented accommodation. This is a particularly importance to landlords or apartments.


    Any person or persons in contravene of these acts is guilty of an offence under Irish law. A person found guilty of this act may be subject to a fine or imprisonment.  This would apply to either the building owner, recognised business owner or in some cases the appointed or responsible person for maintaining the fire safety standards of a building i.e. facilities manager.


    Fire extinguisher inspections are therefore not just common sense but enforced by the law for the common good and health and safety precautions of all citizens.


    Fire Extinguisher check list should include:

    • Confirmation the unit is located in the designated space or area
    • Has the appropriate fire suppression contents included (weighed)
    • Is visible, not being blocked by anything else and is facing outwards
    • Has instructions for use and operating which is clear and legible
    • Has the appropriate fire safety sticker classification for which fires it may be used on
    • Is fully sealed and ensures the tamper gage (steel pin) has not been tampered in any way
    • Is in clear working order and has not been damaged in any way
    • Is fully pressurised and clearly visible in the gage


    Maintenance has to be carried out by a competent and qualified person or company. These individuals must have under gone the appropriate training and accreditation to inspect fire extinguishers for any other third party. This must be done no later than 12 months after installation and every year thereafter. In addition, your fire safety company must ensure they carry out an extended service & maintenance 5 years after the installation and a full over haul of products within the 10 year life span.


    If you would like Fire Safety Express to provide you an instant quote for your fire safety needs, please call us on 1850 840 830.

  • Fire Extinguishers Cork – Service & Maintenance


    Fire Extinguishers Cork – Buy, Service & Maintenance 


    Fire Safety Express provides a wide range of fire safety equipment and service solutions to businesses in Cork. We stock, supply, fit and maintain everything from fire extinguishers, fire blankets, fire doors, fire alarms, etc., all the way through to fire alarm maintenance and monitoring for your business.


    With over 25 years experience, businesses in Cork can rest assured that our fire safety service will fully secure your business in accordance with Irish Fire Safety Standards and Regulations. Our Cork businesses customers include commercial buildings; retail, shops, hotels, pubs, petrol stations, factories, office blocks and even apartments and homes.


    Our Cork customers are serviced through our national network of professional and qualified fire safety engineers. Our consultants will fully spec your fire safety requirements and provide a full quotation.


    Fire Safety Express also provides a design services for electrical contractors and fire safety engineers. Call us on our Irish national LoCall number 1850 840 830

  • Should Employees Use Fire Extinguishers?


    Should Employees Use Fire Extinguishers?

    By law fire extinguishers should be made available to all employees working in at an employer’s premises. This includes factories, offices, hospitality, farms, shops, government buildings, and vehicles; including cars, boats, taxi’s, trucks, etc.


    It is the responsibility of the employer to make all employees aware of fire safety equipment and ensure they have been shown how to use them in the event of a fire. In addition, employees should also be made aware of the hazards of using some items of fire safety equipment i.e. water extinguishers on electrical fires, etc. Fire safety training and education must be provided for all employees annually and on the appointment of new staff members in the company.

    Training should include information on the use of fire extinguishers and fire safety equipment as well as the company’s fire escape and emergency plan.


    The following stages should be followed in the event of an incident fire:

    • Use the fire alarm to alert other staff members and call the fire brigade if necessary
    • Identify a safe fire exit plan and as the operator of the fire extinguisher make sure you are not cut off from the exit and the fire, smoke or fumes. Your evacuation path must be clear and visible

    • Make sure you use the most suitable fire extinguisher for the appropriate fire
    • Release the contents of the fire extinguisher within the most appropriate distance, making sure not to get too close to the fire
    • Ensure the fire is fully out before approaching any close – fires sometimes reignite
    • If there fire is an electrical or gas fire, make sure the source of the fire fuel is fully switched off at the mains point
    • If the user runs out of fire extinguisher depressant, leave the fire immediately and return to the safe fire path
    • Ensure all persons are safety outside the building danger area


    Pull – Aim – Squeeze – Sweep – PASS

    • Most fire extinguishers operate at the P.A.S.S system.
    • Pull – pull the tamper proof pin on the handle
    • Aim – aim the nozzle in the direction of the fire
    • Squeeze – squeeze the fire extinguisher handle down firmly
    • Sweep – sweep or aim the nozzle from side to side in order to fully and evenly disperse the fire extinguisher contents
  • Fire extinguishers save lives. What’s more, having the appropriate fire extinguishers in your workplace or business can also save you money on insurance premiums, not to mention the intervention they can have should the unthinkable happen.

    Our entire fire extinguisher range is fully tested and certified. When you book your free audit with us, a member of our fire safety team will advise you on the types of extinguishers that you need in accordance with Irish fire safety regulation and where they should be placed throughout your premises.

    Also, as part of your free fire audit, our expert consultants will demonstrate how to use your fire extinguishers in the event of an emergency. We service mainly in Leinster but also  Dublin, Carlow, Clare, Cork, Galway, Kildare, Kilkenny, Limerick, Longford, Louth, Mayo, Meath, Offaly, Tipperary, Waterford, Westmeath, Wexford, Wicklow and all Ireland. 

  • From household intruder alarms to industrial and commerical fire signs and harmful gas detectors, we stock, supply, fit and service all the fire safety equipment that you’ll need to protect your home or business.

    During your fire safety audit, a member of our expert team will identify all of the fire appartus that you are required to have in place by law, and make recommendations, if necessary, to install additional equipment for your peace of mind.

    All of our audits are tailored specifically to your needs and obligations – we will not install extra equipment unless we deem it essential.

  • If you are a business owner, you are responsible for the safety of all persons who are lawfully on your premises. It is, therefore, your duty to carry out fire safety assessments and audits on a regular basis to ensure that all possible risks and hazards are identified.

    For all premises, including private homes, a fire escape plan should be in place and reinforced through regular drills.

    Should a fire emergency occur at your home or business, you should always call the emergency services first. If it is safe to do so, and only when fire safety equipment is within easy reach and does not inhibit your chances of escape, should you take measures to fight a fire.

  • With many years experience, we have become one of the most knowledgeable and accredited suppliers of fire safety equipment in Ireland.

    Our fully qualified team of fire safety consultants advise large organisations, SMEs, and homeowners of their fire safety requirements and deliver only the necessary equipment to help keep you, your staff, customers and family safe and secure.

    With an impeccable safety record, we are trusted by thousands of customers each year to provide fully functional safety equipment to help eliminate the risk of fire.